Dr. Parthopratim Dutta Majumder
Published Online: April 2nd, 2021 | Read Time: 9 minutes, 1 second

Do you Know !!

  • The eye muscles are the most active muscles in the whole body.
  • The external muscles that move ht eyes are the strongest muscles in the human body for the job that they have to do. They are 100 times powerful than they need to be.
  • Eyes are composed of more than two million working parts.
  • The eye can process 36,000 bits of information every hour.
  • A normal lifespan will bring you almost 24 million of images of the world around you.
  • Eyes can instantaneously set in motion hundreds of muscles & organs in our body.
  • A blink of an eye lasts about one-tenth of a second.
  • The average persons blink their eyes about 11,500 times per day and about 4.2 million times per year.
  • Dacryphilia is the arousal from seeing tears in the eyes of a partner.
  • Chewing gum while peeling onions will keep you away from crying.
  • Men can read smaller print than women, women can hear well.
  • You can’t sneeze with your eyes open (you can try it!!)
  • Everyone is colour blind at birth.
  • The eye is the only part of the human body that can function at 100 % ability at any moment, day or night.
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes was an Ophthalmologist.
  • Albert Einstein'seyes were removed by his ophthalmologist Dr. Henry Abrams during the autopsy in 1955 and stored. The eyes were put up for auction in 1994.
  • The term "Uvea" was first used byGalen,a Roman physician to include both the choroid and the iris because they resemble a grape from which the stalk had been torn out leaving a hole in the front, the hole being the pupil of the eye.
  • Lewis Carrollhad episodes of micropsia during his migraine attacks which made him conceive the idea of Alice seeing things smaller than they were.
  • Famous football player of BrazilSocrateswas a qualified ophthalmologist.

Animal World

  • An ostrich’s eye is bigger than its brain.
  • The giant squid has the biggest eye in this world. It weighs up to 2.5 tons and grows up to 55 feet long. Each eye is 1 foot or more in diameter.
  • It’s physically impossible for pigs to look up into the sky.
  • The distance between an alligator's eyes in inches, is directly proportional to the length of the alligator, in feet.
  • Dogs only see shades of grey and most of them are short-sighted.
  • The common goldfish is the only animal that can see both infrared & ultraviolet light.
  • A shark is the only fish that can blink with both eyes.
  • Fish that live more than 800 meters below the ocean surface don’t have eyes
  • Chameleons can move their eyes in two different directions at the same time.
  • Owls have an eyeball that is tubular in shape, because of this, they cannot move their eyes.
  • Camels have three eyelids to protect themselves from blowing sand.
  • Dolphins sleep with one eye open
  • Owls are the only birds who can see the colour blue
  • An eagle can see a rabbit about 1 mile or 1760 yards away.
  • Crocodiles are blind in the water but very keen of sight in the air. They are also color-blind
  • Owls are the only bird that can see the color blue.
  • Unlike all other insects, flies have five eyes. They have two large eyes and three smaller eyes between them
  • Fish do not have eyelids. They do not require tears either since their eyes are bathed by water, no special lubricant like tears is required
  • The hawk has the sharpest eye. Its eye has two foveae and the maximum concentration of cones.
  • Bulls are color blind.
  • When a horned toad is angry, it squirts blood from its eyes.
  • A scallop has 35 blue eyes
  • Zebras can't see the color orange.

We learned Couching from Animals

It has been speculated that the couching procedure of cataract had been copied from animals. According to the literature of ancient times, when a goat notices that its vision has become cloudy, it will go to a special bush and then pierce its eyes with a thorn. The fluid will escape, but the pupil remains intact and the goat will immediately see again. This was told by Claudius Aelianus (around AD 222) and is mentioned in one of the manuscripts of the Galen.

Journal Matters!

Behçet’s disease is named after the Turkish dermatologist Dr. Hulusi Behçet (1889–1948), who in 1937 described it. Behçet published his report in one of the most widely read dermatologic journals of that time, Dermatologische Wochenschrift. Six years before that, a Greek ophthalmologist, Benedictos Adamantiades, had reported a patient with the same disorder, but regrettably, in the less widely read French ophthalmological literature. Thus the disease became widely known as Behçet’s disease throughout most of the world. Ideally, we should use the term Adamantiades–Behçet’s Disease.

Zinnia & Zinn

Johann Gottfried Zinn (December 6, 1727 – April 6, 1759) was a German anatomist and botanist. He was the director of the Botanic garden of the University of Göttingen and professor in the medical faculty.He had described many ocular structures and these are known with the eponymes like zonule of Zinn, annulus of Zinn etc. The flower Zinnia is named in honour of him.

Enigma of Syphilis

Syphilis was initially called the great pox. The name “syphilis” was originated from the title character of a poem written in 1530 by the Veronese physician and poet Girolamo Fracastoro.

Reiter Syndrome

The name "Reiter’s syndrome", named after the German physician Hans Conrad Julius Reiter. He reported a German Lieutenant with non-gonococcal urethritis, arthritis, and uveitis. However, it was not him, who first described this syndrome. The triad was reported by Feissinger & Leroy, and Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie separately. Reiter was a member of the Nazi party and convicted of forced human experimentation in the Buchenwald concentration camp. during the Second World War, Hans Reiter designed typhus inoculation experiments that killed more than 250 prisoners at concentration camps in Buchenwald. After the war, he was arrested by the Red Army in Soviet Union-occupied Germany and tried at Nuremberg, where he was found guilty and interned at an American prisoner-of-war camp. In 1977, a group of doctors began a campaign for the term "Reiter's Syndrome" to be abandoned and renamed "reactive arthritis".

Panush RS, Wallace DJ, Dorff RE, Engleman EP. Retraction of the suggestion to use the term "Reiter's syndrome" sixty-five years later: the legacy of Reiter, a war criminal, should not be eponymic honor but rather condemnation. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Feb;56(2):693-4.Free Download

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